Proximus, a Belgian operator, has established the country's first 5G network, although it will only be available in Dutch-speaking areas. According to Proximus, the 5G launch is "an crucial first step towards a hyper-connected future."
5G networks promise to provide data speeds up to 100 times faster than 4G. They will enable smartphones and other devices to connect with far-away towers at rates often described as "wireless broadband."
Belgium ranks among the European countries with the highest number of smartphone users. In 2017, the country had 7 million mobile phone subscribers, including 2.5 million active users of 5G networks. Of these 2.5 million active users, 1.4 million were in Flanders and 0.9 million in Wallonia.
5G is expected to accelerate this trend by making mobile technology more efficient and reducing waiting times for downloads and connections. The technology is also said to improve health care by allowing patients to receive medical scans or treatments while still sitting at their desk. Doctors can move them around or even perform surgery using robotic arms controlled by software updates.
5G is not yet widely available. Only a few cities across Europe have access to such networks. However, operators like Proximus claim that hundreds of towns and villages will soon be able to use the technology.
South Korea was the first country to implement 5G on a significant basis in April 2019. According to Ericsson, the Swedish telecoms company, 5G internet will cover up to 65 percent of the world's population by the end of 2025. The majority of South Koreans have 4G coverage, but almost all major cities have at least one 5G cell site.
5G is expected to enable billions of devices to connect with high-speed data networks while reducing operating costs and environmental impacts from mobile phone towers. It could be used for a wide range of applications from remote medical diagnosis to self-driving cars. However, there are also concerns about how this new technology might be used by government authorities or malicious actors.
5G differs from 4G in many ways. While 4G uses LTE (Long Term Evolution) as its underlying network technology, 5G will use various other physical layer technologies including Wi-Fi 6, millimeter wave, and fiber-optic cable. This will allow carriers to leverage existing infrastructure and avoid building new cell sites which would be expensive and time-consuming. 4G currently covers around 95 percent of the world's population, while estimates range from 80 to 90 percent for 5G.
Mobile phones that support 5G can distinguish between 5G cells and 4G cells, allowing users to benefit from faster download speeds near 5G cell sites.
Marc Allera, CEO of BT Consumer, stated, "We've switched on 5G in 35 more sites, increasing the total to 160 UK towns and cities." He also added that the company plans to have 5G coverage across all major cities by the end of 2019.
5G is the next generation mobile network technology which offers faster data transfer speeds than its 4G counterparts. In addition to this, it promises to deliver battery life similar to today's smartphones but with the ability to connect with millions of people at once. The UK is one of the first countries in Europe to get 5G coverage with EE being the only provider so far. However, other networks such as T-Mobile and O2 are expected to launch their own 5G services in the near future.
In August 2018, EE announced that it will be rolling out 5G technology in 40 new towns and cities by the end of 2019. This brings the total number of towns and cities with 5G coverage to 80. It should be noted that not all these locations will necessarily offer the same level or type of service. Some may even be trial sites used by EE to test the technology before it launches fully. However, the fact remains that 5G coverage now extends across half of England.
Verizon's millimeter wavelength (mmWave)-based 5G Ultra Wideband runs at frequencies between 28 and 39 GHz. This is far higher than the frequency range used by 4G networks, which ranges from 700 MHz to 2500 MHz. The higher frequency allows for greater bandwidth.
5G will be faster than 4G, but not as fast as wired connections. Verizon says its 5G service will be 100 times faster than today's fastest home broadband connection and 10 times faster than the average home connection. Those are pretty big numbers! The company also claims that it will take less than 20 milliseconds for any application to load a page of content on 5G, which should be noticeably faster than the 30-40 millisecond load time of 4G LTE.
All things considered, 5G looks like it will be a significant upgrade over current wireless technology, and one you'll want to get on board with when it becomes available this year.
Current 5G installations in the UK and much of the globe have used the 3.4-3.6 GHz sub-band of the mid-band frequency, or, more recently, up to 3.68 GHz in the UK, including Three UK's 3.605-3.68 GHz spectrum (extended downwards to 3.6 GHz recently by Ofcom, permitting Three to use a contiguous 100 MHz at 3.5 Ghz)...
Algeria is ranked 68th in the GCI 2019, up one spot from previous year. Mobilis, an Algeria Telecom subsidiary, successfully tested 5G connections in the town of Oran with the technical assistance of its partner Huawei at the end of 2018. The achieved data rates were 1.18 Gbps. This was the first time that 5G has been tested in Africa.
Algeria announced the launch of 5G services in January 2020. The three national operators (Altel, Bouygues, and MobiFon) will be able to offer them starting in the second half of the year. Initially, they plan to target high-traffic areas like cities and airports.
5G allows for much faster data transfer than 4G while using the same frequency. It uses wavelengths between 690 and 710 nanometers, which are similar to those used by optical fiber, but in a mobile device instead of a fixed station. The advantage of this approach is that it can reach a maximum speed of 100 times faster than 4G, whereas fiber optics can go up to several tens of gigabits per second.
The need for more advanced technology is clear: billions of people have no access to the Internet, and many more only have access to slow 2G or 3G networks. 5G could change this, but only if countries can provide reliable coverage across their territories.