NTFS is best for internal drives, whereas Ext4 is best for flash drives. Ext4 filesystems are comprehensive journaling filesystems that do not require defragmentation software like FAT32 and NTFS. NTFS is a journaling file system that records metadata changes to the disk using the NTFS Log. These changes can then be recovered if necessary.
The most important difference between NTFS and Ext4 is that Ext4 can recover files from damaged partitions while NTFS cannot. This is because Ext4 uses a feature called "journaling" that allows it to continue functioning correctly even after certain file systems have damage that would otherwise cause them to fail. Journaling requires more effort to use but gives you greater protection against drive failures.
Another advantage of Ext4 over NTFS is that Ext4 does not require any special drivers/software to read and write to it. However, there are some utilities that can be used with NTFS to make working with it easier. One such tool is TestDisk, which is discussed in more detail below.
Last, but certainly not least, is the fact that Ext4 is better for flash drives than NTFS. This is because flash memory does not work well with random access files systems like NTFS, which can only read data from start to finish when asked to. Flash memory needs to be accessed in fixed blocks, which is why Ext4 was created.
NTFS is best suited for internal drives, whereas exFAT is best suited for flash devices and external drives. FAT32 is substantially more compatible than NTFS, although it only allows individual files up to 4GB in size and partitions up to 2TB in capacity.
NTFS versus FAT32: FAT is the simpler of the two file systems, while NTFS provides additional upgrades and better security. The best operating system for you is determined by your requirements. Fault Tolerance: In the event of a power outage or an error, NTFS automatically fixes files and directories. This makes NTFS a good choice for large databases or media collections where errors or outages could cause serious problems.
The trade-off with NTFS is that it is not as flexible as FAT. You cannot create different types of files on a FAT drive, for example, but all data on NTFS drives must be either folders or files. This flexibility comes at a price though: NTFS is less friendly to computers without strong memory to store files locally. Most modern computers have enough storage space, but if you have a USB thumb drive, for example, you should know that all data stored there will be lost if you remove the device before saving the files.
Thumb drives and other external storage devices can also be stolen. If you lose your drive, you lose everything written to it including any confidential information. Be sure to use protective measures such as encryption to prevent unauthorized people from reading your files.
NTFS is used by Windows NT, 2000, XP, Vista, and 7. It is the default file system in these operating systems. FAT is used by Windows 95, 98, 2003, 2008, and 2012.
4 responses According to many benchmarks, the actual ext4 file system can execute a variety of read-write operations quicker than an NTFS disk. Why ext4 performs better than NTFS can be ascribed to a number of factors. For example, ext4 explicitly supports delayed allocation. This means that it is possible to allocate a block on the disk, and not write data into it immediately. This is useful for large files or files that are rarely updated. The NTFS file system does not support this feature.
The default behavior of the Linux kernel when writing to NTFS is to immediately allocate a buffer on the disk and begin writing data into it. This is not necessary with NTFS because it is assumed that most files will be written quickly enough that there's no need to wait until everything has been written before closing the file. However, some applications (such as FTP) may require that any in-progress writes be completed before releasing the lock on the file. In this case, it is possible to tell the kernel not to automatically allocate a buffer by setting the norelat attribute on the directory entry used to identify the file.
Because NTFS lacks many features found in modern filesystems such as ext4, it is important to choose an operating system that supports NTFS drivers for your hardware.