The formula is as follows: =VLOOKUP (search key, range, index, is sorted) To begin, the search key corresponds to the value you wish to look for. Following that, the range specifies the number of columns and rows to include in the search. The index relates to the column index of the value to be returned, with 1 being the first column in the range. Finally, the is sorted option will return a result even if the value isn't located in the correct order.

For example, to find the sales amount for customer John Smith from **cell B2**, use this formula: =VLOOKUP(B2,$A$2:$B$10,2,TRUE). Notice how we used search key B2, range $A$2:$B$10 (which means all values in column A up to but not including column B), index 2 (the second column within that range), and is sorted (so VLOOKUP will return a result even if column A and B are listed in reverse order).

Results will be returned as an array, so if you want to return **only one result**, change the TRUE to FALSE.

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The VLOOKUP function, in **its most basic form**, says: =VLOOKUP (What you want to look up, where you want to look for it, the column number in the range holding the value to return, and return an approximate or precise match—indicated as 1/TRUE, or 0/FALSE). For example, assuming that we are looking up **stock prices** in the New York Times website, and that we want to find the price of **Microsoft Corporation** (MSFT), we could type =VLOOKUP(A1,{http://www.nytimes.com},3) into a cell in order to see that MSFT is priced at $26.67.

In our example, VLOOKUP returns a numerical value, which we can use in other calculations. For example, we could divide the returned value by 100 and get a percentage price increase since yesterday. Or we could multiply the returned value by 1.5 and get an estimated price increase if we bought one share today.

Some applications need exact matches instead of approximate. In this case, use the ISBLANK function in place of VLOOKUP. The syntax for this function is very similar; just replace VLOOKUP with ISBLANK.

Learn How to Use Vlookup and HLOOKUP in Excel Together

- Lookup_Value: This is the value to search for.
- Lookup_array: This is the range to search for the lookup value.
- HLOOKUP: This serves as the COLUMN NUMBER in the VLOOKUP formula.
- Range_lookup: This is used to specify if we want an approximate or exact match.

The range containing **the lookup value**. For VLOOKUP to perform properly, the lookup value should always be in the first column in the range. If your lookup value is in cell C2, for example, your range should begin with C. The number of the column in the range that includes **the return value**. For VLOOKUP to work properly, the number of the column must match the number of columns containing data in **the original table**.

For example, if you are looking up the salary of an employee in **column J** based on their name in column A and the employee's name is not the only name in its row, then you need to tell VLOOKUP which column contains the name it is searching for. In this case, you would use column A as the first parameter of the function.

Alternatively, if there is only one name in the table, you do not have to specify the first parameter. VLOOKUP will automatically use the first available entry in **column A** when performing the search.

The last step is to tell VLOOKUP which row to use when performing the search. You can do this by specifying the second parameter, which is the row number. In this case, the result will be placed in column J of the table.

So, in summary, the range of values searched by VLOOKUP is defined by the parameters you provide.

VLOOKUP is an abbreviation for "Vertical Lookup." It is a function that instructs Excel to look for a certain value in a column (the so-called "table array") in order to retrieve a value from another column in **the same row**. The table array can contain any number of values, and each entry in the table array will be searched.

Excel uses an algorithm called "array indexing" to find **the correct entry** in the table array. First, it checks if the cell in question is empty. If not, then it assumes that this is the entry to use. Otherwise, it treats the entry as unknown and continues checking entries down the list until it finds one that works. When it has found such a match, it returns the value in that cell.

So basically, VLOOKUP looks at every entry in the table column and tries to find a match with the value in the second column. When it finds such a match, it returns the value associated with that row.

As you can see, VLOOKUP is very useful for searching through lists of data and finding **specific items**. It is especially helpful when you do not know **the exact name** of the item you are looking for but still want to find out information about it.

There are two main types of **VLOOKUP functions**: simple and extended.

1 INDEX-MATCH: If you do not have an Office 365 subscription, INDEX-MATCH is the best substitute for VLOOKUP. The INDEX formula returns the precise placement of a cell inside a range. You may substitute VLOOKUP in a much more robust approach by nesting the MATCH formula in INDEX. 2 IFERROR: This function is similar to VLOOKUP but it will return the value in another cell if there is no match found. Otherwise, it will return #VALUE!

While VLOOKUP looks for a value in a column, HLOOKUP looks for a value in a row. EXAMPLE 2 OF VLOOKUP

- Select the name that’s entered in cell C20.
- Select the range of the entire table B14:D18.
- Select the corresponding output from column “3.”
- “False” requires an exact name match.

HLOOKUP has **nearly the same syntax** and structure as VLOOKUP, with the difference that the lookup occurs horizontally, therefore a row index number is required instead of a column one.